About 90% of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. It can come on slowly, usually over the age of 40. The signs may not be obvious, or there may be no signs at all, therefore it might be up to 10 years before you find out you have it.
That’s why it’s very important to know the risk factors. You can find out your risk with our Know Your Risk tool or you may be eligible for a free NHS Health Check, so you can do something about it.
Your risk increases with age.You’re more at risk if you’re white and over 40 or over 25 if you’re African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian. You’re two to six times more likely to get Type 2 diabetes if you have a parent, brother, sister or child with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is two to four times more likely in people of South Asian descent and African-Caribbean or Black African descent. You’re more at risk of Type 2 diabetes if you’re overweight, especially if you’re large around the middle.
To read more about this and check your risk, go to: https://www.diabetes.org.uk/preventing-type-2-diabetes/diabetes-risk-factors
Last week some of the team were in Ghent for our half way point steering group meeting for Interreg 2Seas project DWELL. DWELL (Diabetes and WELLbeing) involves eight partners from the UK, Belgium, the Netherlands and France.
To read more about the project and the partners involved go to: http://www.healthandeuropecentre.nhs.uk/home-3/projects/current-projects-2/dwell-diabetes-and-wellbeing/
The first trial of the 12-week programme took place in the UK over the summer and was a tremendous success…..the people who took part found the programme truly life-changing and you can hear what they had to say on Medway’s YouTube channel:
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – mainly cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes – are the biggest cause of death worldwide. More than 36 million die annually from NCDs (63% of global deaths), including 14 million people who die too young before the age of 70. More than 90% of these premature deaths from NCDs occur in low- and middle-income countries, and could have largely been prevented. Most premature deaths are linked to common risk factors, namely tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol.
The World Health Organisation has launched a Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases, which provides a road map and menu of policy options for countries, intergovernmental organisations, NGOs and the private sector. If these are implemented by 2020, a number of global targets will be reached, including a 25% reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2025.
For more information about the Action Plan to prevent NCDs on the who.int website
The first WHO Global report on diabetes states that the number of adults living with diabetes has almost quadrupled since 1980 to 422 million adults. Factors driving this dramatic rise include overweight and obesity.
In 2012 alone diabetes caused 1.5 million deaths and its complications can lead to heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation.
The report calls on governments to ensure that people are able to make healthy choices and that health systems are able to diagnose, treat and care for people with diabetes. It encourages us all to eat healthily, be physically active, and avoid excessive weight gain.
To read the Global Report on Diabetes on the who.int website
The number of adults living with diabetes worldwide has almost quadrupled since 1980, to 422 million, according to the first WHO Global report on diabetes. An estimated 64 million people are now living with the disease in the WHO European Region.
The growing diabetes epidemic is strongly associated with increasing trends in overweight and obesity, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and socioeconomic disadvantage. Type 2 diabetes is a preventable disease, and simple changes to one’s lifestyle can be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of the disease and its complications, which can include cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure, loss of limbs and even loss of life.
To read the Global Report on Diabetes on the who.int website
The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains. This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes.
To read the report online, click here on www.oecd.org
Fewer people are dying from stroke and heart attacks than before, but rising levels of obesity and diabetes, particularly among younger people, are going to push mortality rates higher, according to a new OECD report. Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care points out that although there has been a 60% drop in mortality rates in the last 50 years in OECD countries from cardiovascular disease (CVD) it still remains the leading cause of death.
Currently around 85 million people in OECD countries have diabetes, which represents around 7% of people aged 20-79 years, and this number is projected to reach 108 million by 2030 – a 27% increase. Obesity is also rising, affecting one in five people in the OECD. Amongst other things, the report recommends that countries should:
- Do more to promote healthier lifestyles. Anti-smoking policies, initiatives to reduce salt consumption and combat obesity have all been shown to be effective
- Ensure primary care is financially accessible to everyone and the gap between recommended care and care provided in practice is closed.
- Improve accountability and transparency of primary care performance.
- Establish a national framework to improve the quality of acute care and reduce regional variations within countries.
- Ensure reforms involve every single aspect of the health system, from policies and prevention to primary care, emergency care, acute care and rehabilitation, as the complexity of treating CVD and diabetes means that the chain of care is only as strong as its weakest link.
To read the full report, click here on www.oecd.org
Four out of every five people with diabetes live in the developing world according to the International Diabetes Foundation (IDF).
Clínicas del Azúcar is a Mexican chain of diabetes one-stop-shops that reduce the cost of care by 70%.
For more information (in Spanish), go to www.clinicasdelazucar.com