More than 1 in 4 deaths of children under 5 years of age are attributable to unhealthy environments.
Every year, environmental risks – such as indoor and outdoor air pollution, second-hand smoke, unsafe water, lack of sanitation, and inadequate hygiene – take the lives of 1.7 million children under 5 years, according to the WHO.
The top 5 causes of death in children under 5 are:
- respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, attributable to indoor and outdoor air pollution, and second-hand smoke (570,000 children a year)
- diarrhoea, as a result of poor access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (361,000 children a year)
- conditions, including prematurity, which could be prevented through access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene in health facilities as well as reducing air pollution (270,000 children a year in their first month of life)
- malaria that could be prevented through environmental actions, such as reducing breeding sites of mosquitoes or covering drinking-water storage (200,000 children a year)
- unintentional injuries attributable to the environment, such as poisoning, falls, and drowning (200,000 children a year)
For more information on the causes of death for children under 5 from the who.int website